The AA-55 (Avtomat Alexandrova Model 1955) is a Soviet assault and battle rifle that was designed by Gennady Alexandrov and manufactured by the Alexandrov Design Bureau.
In 1945, the SVA-43 was introduced. While it was an accurate and somewhat effective rifle in combat, the rate of fire was its biggest downfall, only being semi-automatic, although that wasn't too bad at the time. As time went by, the semi-auto SVA was starting to be easily inferior when compared to the AK-47 and other select-fire rifles, as they were starting to become popular. Therefore, Gennady Alexandrov, the founder and chief designer of ADB, decided to remedy this problem by modifying his SVA by making it select-fire and be able to feed from 30-round AK magazines. Despite it somewhat solved the problem, he knew that the new SVA was kinda impractical, especially when compared to other rifles at the time, and so in 1955, he decided to make a completely-new rifle that would be select-fire and much more practical in combat. The new rifle, named AA-55, was introduced in 1958, where the Soviet Army decided to test it out. While in testing, the rifle had a little bit less recoil than the AK, was slightly more accurate, and was simple to maintain. However, just like the TKB-517 assault rifle, the rifle was rejected from use because of the greater proficiency of the AK rifle. After this, he sent his design to other countries, and his rifle became somewhat successful, with notable users including North Vietnam. By the late 1970's, the AA-55 was starting to show its age, and the new 5.45x39mm cartridge was starting to replace the 7.62x39mm round in service. Therefore, he replaced the AA-55 in 1984 with the much more modern 5.45x39mm AA-81.
- Barrel length: 18 inches
- Chambered for 7.62x39mm and fed via AK-pattern magazines.
- Desgined in 1955, produced from 1958 to 1985.
- Effective range is around 400 meters
- Gas operated.
- Rate of fire: 675 RPM
- Weighs 7.2 pounds